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Old 12-02-2012, 11:49 AM   #1
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wanting to do salt water with tons of questions

I have wanted to get into salt water aquiriums for a very long time but have tons of questions. I know aquirium stores are in it to make money so I have decided to ask the best people I know these questions.

I have a 30 gal tank that at this time is being used for freash water fish so here is some question.

What is the best type of salt to use?
How much would I need for a tank this size?
When mixing is it advisable to make more than is needed and store the rest for top ups and water changes?
How much time in advance should I mix up the salt and water .

Will stop here for now. Do have more questions but will ask them later.
Thanks in advance.
Bill
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Old 12-02-2012, 12:19 PM   #2
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As for salt I use instant ocean as do lots of people on this forum. When mixing salt it is about a half a cup per gallon of fresh water. I would only mix the amount of water that I need. You do not use saltwater for top off. When water evaporates the salt remains in the tank. When mixing water for my water changes I mix for at least 24 hours.
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Old 12-02-2012, 12:26 PM   #3
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is that brand sold in all LFS? I live in Alberta, Canada so not sure if that is sold here.
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Old 12-02-2012, 12:29 PM   #4
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What is the best type of salt to use?
Which is better, Ford or Chevy?? You will get a wide variety of answers on this one. And are you wanting to keep fish only or get into reefkeeping?

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How much would I need for a tank this size?
I would buy a bucket of salt, which with most brands will make about 175 +/- gallons. You will need enough for the initial fill, a complete change after the cycle is complete, and that will leave you enough for later water changes...... plus the larger buckets are considerably cheaper per gallon than the smaller packages.


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When mixing is it advisable to make more than is needed and store the rest for top ups and water changes?
Absolutely..... except for top-offs, you want to use fresh water, since evaporated water leaves salt/minerals behind. I keep about 20-25 gallons mixed at any given time in a Brute trash can.


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How much time in advance should I mix up the salt and water .
Some people say overnight, some say a full day....... so 12-24 hours ahead of time with a small powerhead for circulation and a heater to have it at temperature.



It could be included in one of your later questions, but I'll address it now..... you do not want to use tap water to make saltwater. You will want to use what's called RODI (reverse osmosis deionized) or distilled water. Tap water has way to many bad things in it.
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Old 12-02-2012, 12:30 PM   #5
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I have been told by the LFS that "sea salt reef crystal is a good type as well.
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Old 12-02-2012, 12:38 PM   #6
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I think I am leaning towards a fish only but haven't made up my mind totally. For a newbee, what seems to be the trend.
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Old 12-02-2012, 12:41 PM   #7
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when first starting out, does the salt water have to be at a temp of 78, or will it be okay to mix it up, put it in the tank and let the tank heater bring it up to temp
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Old 12-02-2012, 12:41 PM   #8
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I think I am leaning towards a fish only but haven't made up my mind totally. For a newbee, what seems to be the trend.
Lots of people start with FOWLR, I started with the plan for a reef and knew nothing about how to do ether one lots of time on YouTube and this forum. Reef tanks get more expencive but IMO look much better and the posibilitys are endless.
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Old 12-02-2012, 12:58 PM   #9
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when first starting out, does the salt water have to be at a temp of 78, or will it be okay to mix it up, put it in the tank and let the tank heater bring it up to temp
Yes. Without any livestock in the tank you can put the water in cold and let the heater heat it.
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Old 12-02-2012, 12:58 PM   #10
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I put my water in the tank already mixed and let it come to temp in the tank.
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