I'm a FW
veteran, but completely new to SW
. I've got a 20 gallon (that's UK gallons, so probably 22-25 US gallons) that I would like to convert from freshwater to salt. I've been doing a lot of research into marine aquaria, and believe this to be about the right size for what SW
hobbyists consider to be a "nano reef". Ideally I would like a larger tank to achieve better stocking and water quality, but this not possible due to both space and cost.
My current FW
setup is a fairly simple one. I've got a TetraTec EX700 canister, and a decent quality TetraTec heater.
After researching and researching, and finding a lot of conflicting information on the internet, I've come up with what I believe to be a fairly stable setup that I would like to attempt. Before I start though, I'd like to run it past you guys to see what you think.
Here's what I'm thinking:
Remove substrate from tank, and take out filter media. Buy a stack of activated carbon ready for use.
Lay down some decent white sand.
Buy 2lbs of LR
per gallon. Allow LR
to seed sand.
fragments, Bio Home, or similar into canister.
Purchase a decent PH or two.
Either purchase or DIY a protein skimmer.
Get some decent lighting, thinking somewhere in the region of 150 watts.
I have a 3 gallon glass tank that I'm thinking I could use as a sump. I really like the idea of being able to top off the tank from a sump rather than having to pour water into and therein disturb the main display tank.
Also I've read that many people with tanks of this size have found that they have been successful without filters or skimmers, and instead simply rely on just a sump. I'd be interested to know more about that because the low tech approach is very appealing to my wallet!
As for the reef element, that will come later as I get to grips with things! I want to aim toward reef, but I want to work on getting things stable first. This will probably be a single fish setup, three fish at most. I'd be happy keeping a clown or damsel. I'm unlikely to keep anything else because there aren't many other small marine fish that I really like. Also I prefer light stocking in marine tanks, I think it just looks better. I find the reef life so fascinating, with all the little hitchikers that come along with it. Plus I'd eventually like to keep some anemones - not too bothered about the clown living in it, I just like anemones! If the clown decides he likes it then so much the better!
Also, I have a question, a simple one, that I haven't been able to find a straight answer to on the internet: How often do you do water changes with a SW
tank? I've read that SW
water changes are not as bad as FW
changes, being something like 10% every two weeks or so.
Anyway I look forward to reading your replies, and thanks for taking the time to read!