well hey man you're in luck! I wish I was a little more ahead in my tank as I recently started my own saltwater tank a few weeks ago, so I cannot give you the most accurate info ever. I have a 45 gallon tall. But lets see if I can answer some questions. First off, are you hoping to do a reef tank? As for me I am not.. I am doing a macroalgae tank with single valentini puffer (max size about 5 inches), and some other invertabrates that I hope the puff won't eat! 8O - okay then.. lets see what we can do for you.
1. yes it is true, I also have this wee bit of a problem but this is assuming you have semi-below average filtration and circulation in your tank. There are remedies, but also if you plan on having a huge stock of fish, then there will be some trouble.. but if you midly stock up your tank... it should not be a problem.
2. From what I read mixing LR
shouldn't be a problem, and from others I even hear it could be beneficial.
3. The general rule of thumb is a pound of sand per gallon, and a pound of rock per gallon (if not necessarily a reef) as well. but this is too general.. I'll get more specific. First off it depends on what tank you are doing.. like I am what you would call a FOWLR
tank. Since I am not doing a reef, I don't believe I need as much LR
or sand, plus I do not have a DSB
which a lot of reef people perfer. I stuck to the a pound of sand per gal
rule because it looks nice, even in a tall tank like mine. As for Rocks.. I would say add until you think its fine... for me I have about 25 pounds of base rock, but will be adding about 10-15 pounds of LR
. The reason for this are two fold.. one its a lot cheaper to get base rock and seed it with LR
, though it takes time for the base rock to turn into LR
.. but like I said much cheaper, and the other reason was that I don't have a reef tank, so I am not in a hurry to make everything live. Also what you semi have to understand is that LR
is used for filtration too. You don't need a killer filtration system if you've got a decent amount of live rock (a pound per gal
is decent?). Water movement is a plus though. But like I said.. it all depends on what you want as a tank set up... as for filtration its common place to find reef members with a sump, you'll see why later.
4. As I said above if you've got anough live rock in your system.. most people actually perfer just using a skimmer with it, but if you do not have madd live rock then another filter will be needed. Even with a bunch of live rock.. to remove the baddies from water a lot of saltwater people use sumps.. which also add madd water valume to your tank. But I assume you do not want to spend a butt load of money on that... you could consider DIY
methods. Sumps are great filters and add a lot of volume to a tank which is a GREAT benefit to any tank. I do not have one, but wished I did.
5. Water circulators are a good idea in general, but you don't need to over kill. Currently my XP3 is doing the job.. I even had to limit the current some because it is powerful.
6. Ahhhhhh I love this part because I just completed my DIY
set up recently and couldn't be happier! For about 70 bucks you can get two 65 watt bulbs of PC
lighting but they are at 6500K so it may make your tank a little yellow (the higher the K
the less yellow and more white crisper it is). I also didnt want to spend a lot of $$ for something I wasn't too interested in (reef tank), but did want a fair amount for the LR
and my Macroalgaes. For my 45G tank I have 2.8 watts per gallon. I think JustDIY (an awesome member here) is putting this project up on his website. But I would make sure that this lighting is what you want... I don't know if it would be useful for a reef tank (not sure is 6500k is ANY good at all, plus you would have to add an actinic to counter the yellow of these bubs, also having an actinic is just nice anyway), but for a FOWLR
, I do not believe it to be a bad choice at all, but it does take work to do (sodering, wiring, etc). I had a lot of fun and couldn't be happier with what I got. The only thing that I would do different, saving me madd money) is to just get the bulbs and ot the entire set up like I did.. which were 30 bucks a piece, as opposed to the 12 buck a piece replacement bulbs that I could have gotten and the mogul sockets on top of that. But anyway don't wanna write too much on this because it may not interest you
- Basically if you go for corals.. you will have to spend madd money either way you look at it IMO
. Then again it depends what corals you would want and what they need, apparently I could raise a very select few, but like I said not my choice. Also remember that lighting won't just do for corals.. you will need supplements, patience, and some other things (they can tell you more about it), and corals themselves will cost money too (One of the minor reasons (madd cost) why I decided against corals, but the main being I liked the challenge of beautifying my tank like a reef using only macroalgaes :P ). The DIY
lighting I used will do well for LR
(dunno if I said this, been typing a lot).