This is my generic noob post. There will be one more detailed to your circumstances in a moment.
Every Saltwater tank need the following:
Aquarium Salt/ Pre made water
Now to explaining each item
Filter- You can either make a sump or just use your HOB
filter. Sumps are separate tanks used to hide equipment and filter the tank.
Sand- Buy dry sand, it becomes live anyway, and it's cheaper.
Live Rock- Normally you get 1-2 pounds per gallon. This will provide places to set coral and hiding places for fish and your CUC. It is also the housing for your Beneficial Bacter, which is what your biological filtration comes from.
Heater- This will provide the appropriate temperature for livestock.
Lighting- This is where you must decide if you want to keep corals or not. The three main options are T5, Metal Halide,
Refractometer: This will tell the salinity of your tank. NEVER get a swing arm hydrometer! THEY DON"T WORK! TRUST ME!!!!!!! Here is the refractometer I got and it works great:
It got to my house fast and early.
Test Kits: Get test kits for: Ammonia, Nitrite, Nitrate, PH, Phosphates. For a reef tank add: Calcium, Magnesium, Alkalinity and maybe iodide.
Don't ever buy test strips, they are unreliable. Invest in quality kits such as: Salifert, Red Sea, Elos, Hannah Checkers, etc.
API will not do much good for a reef elements.
Aquarium Salt: You have two options. Buy a bagged reef salt, this is the better option and will require an RO
unit. You can also buy if from an LFS
, but it can contain bad elements, because most LFS
only want a sale.
Unit- This will filter the water needed for making saltwater and top offs.
Powerheads- These will provide flow for you tank. Aim for 20-50 times your tank size.
Skimmer: If you run a Nano tank they aren't needed. They are to take out harmful proteins in the water.
Just in case you don't know anything about cycling:
If you have any other questions just ask! The only stupid question is the one you don't ask! Happy Reefing and Welcome to the Salty Side!