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Old 06-10-2013, 01:42 AM   #1
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Ima Newbie

Ok so I'm 16 and have an empty 40 gallon tank tall and I just got rid of the fish inside of it and am now wanting to start a salt tank plz tell me how to do this properly I wanna try and start a nano reef but how could I do that and what are some cool fish to get once I start
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Old 06-10-2013, 02:10 AM   #2
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Waiting... The hardest part of starting a new reef aquarium

To start you can decide whether to go with a Bare Bottomed tank or use some sort of substrate. If you choose to avoid the bare bottomed look I would go with a Fiji Pink grade aragonite sand, it seems to be the most popular one.

For filtration you will need to either get a live rock or dry rock (I would probably go with 75% dry rock and 25% live rock for seeding). 40lbs would be a good starting point and you can go up from there based on how much more you want. As for water movement in the tank you will want to do approximately 20x-30x tank volume in water flow per hour. I would lean more towards the 30x flow rate so approx. 1200gph flow on powerheads.

Before adding anything to your tank it will need to go through a cycle similar to the way a freshwater tank is cycled. There are TONS of articles on this.

Lighting is by far the most difficult part of owning a reef. I am going to start up a 40 breeder tank in august and I plan on buying the light found at this link:

2 120W Marine Organism Aquarium Coral Reef Fish Tank LED Lamp Black Dimmable | eBay

That should allow you to grow just about any type of coral you would like.
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Old 06-10-2013, 02:13 AM   #3
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Oh ummm yeah I have blue LED lights from the freshwater tank I had before
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Old 06-10-2013, 04:12 AM   #4
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Unless those lights were advertised to be reef ready I wouldn't imagine they would give the par rating you need to keep corals. A good idea tho would be to go FWLR while saving up for a high quality light fixture. I would think that either those LEDs I linked or a 4 bulb t5ho light fixture would be sufficient to keep most corals. I have greatly been preferring LEDs over the fluorescent fixtures because the bulbs on LEDs only need to be replaced every 3-5 years whereas the fluorescent bulbs might need to be replaced every 6-10 months. The difference in bulb costs themselves would more than make up for the difference in cost a LED fixture would give.
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Old 06-10-2013, 04:18 AM   #5
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Quote:
Originally Posted by POLARBEAR0871 View Post
Ok so I'm 16 and have an empty 40 gallon tank tall and I just got rid of the fish inside of it and am now wanting to start a salt tank plz tell me how to do this properly I wanna try and start a nano reef but how could I do that and what are some cool fish to get once I start
Please tell me you gave the fish to someone not just threw them away
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Old 06-10-2013, 05:17 AM   #6
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Please tell me you gave the fish to someone not just threw them away
I think they all died. Puffers, knives, plecos, African butterflies etc. :-(
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Old 06-10-2013, 05:27 AM   #7
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Quote:
Originally Posted by POLARBEAR0871 View Post
Ok so I'm 16 and have an empty 40 gallon tank tall and I just got rid of the fish inside of it and am now wanting to start a salt tank plz tell me how to do this properly I wanna try and start a nano reef but how could I do that and what are some cool fish to get once I start
Hate to be a party pooper, but I really think a marine tank is going to be too difficult and too expensive for you at this time. I understand you are still at school and live in an area that doesn't provide easy access to the equipment you would need.

After the rough experiences you've had over the past few months, I'd recommend getting some easy-to-care-for fish to build up some experience with filtration, water testing, disease prevention and treatment etc etc.
the fish that you have not been able to keep alive were IMO too advanced for your current experience and budget.

There's plenty of time for a salty when you are bringing in a wage. For now just enjoy the simple pleasures of an easy tropical tank

Just my 2 cents.
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Old 06-10-2013, 01:08 PM   #8
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I do have a job that pays over $8.50 an hour and I have family that have experience with salt tanks but I just wanted your guy's opinion on what equipment I should use that could potentially be cheap and not over expensive
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Old 06-10-2013, 03:13 PM   #9
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I do have a job that pays over $8.50 an hour and I have family that have experience with salt tanks but I just wanted your guy's opinion on what equipment I should use that could potentially be cheap and not over expensive
Your going to need more than far to manta it
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Old 06-10-2013, 06:30 PM   #10
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Yeah but I work 8-12 hours a day
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