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Old 10-23-2012, 09:37 AM   #11
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Originally Posted by mightymax
ok.. thanks alot... light is done.. next is skimmer.. what kind of skimmer Should i used and since im using a canister do i need an overflow box??
An overflow box is for a sump if you decide to go that route so its not needed for just a canister setup. For a skimmer you could go without in that size tank as long as you keep up with your weekly maintenance and don't overfeed. If you do decide to get one though (they are very helpful to have even if not needed) then find one rated for double your tank volume. A lot of the equipment you'll need can be found at bulkreefsupply.com and they offer discounts during group buys which are hosted on AA monthly.
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Old 10-23-2012, 11:42 AM   #12
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next is live rocks and live sand... is there any ratio?
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Old 10-23-2012, 11:49 AM   #13
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Nope all personal preference and budget. Most people will do 10-25% live rock with 75-90% base rock to save money but the more live rock you use the shorter the cycle will be. Live sand is pretty much a scam in most instances, go with regular sand and it will become live on its own during the cycle process.
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Old 10-23-2012, 11:50 AM   #14
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If you want zero hitchikers you can even cycle with no live rock at all but more often then not the hitch hikers are beneficial to the system ( but not always lol)
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Old 10-23-2012, 11:56 AM   #15
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great tip.. thanks alot... next is live stock... can you guys help me with a list of easy to take care corals and what kind of fish i can put in it.. and how many fish i can put in a 30 gallon reef tank.. and pls english no scientific name whatsoever.. thanks in advance...
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Old 10-23-2012, 12:10 PM   #16
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This is gonna be almost entirely your preference. A lot of times people consider corals easy or hard to care for depending on light requirements. Soft corals need low light lps corals need medium and sps need high light. For fish you could do 4-5 nano fish or a couple large bodied fish but the lighter you stock the tank the easier it will be to care for your corals. Try going to liveaquaria.com and browse the livestock for 30 gallon and under requirements and see what you like then give us an idea of the direction you would like to go. This site offers great info on all the specimens they carry so a great place to start.
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Old 10-23-2012, 12:27 PM   #17
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LIke what was stated above, once you determine what kind of corals you'd like to keep you can figure out what lighting to get from there.
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Old 10-23-2012, 12:38 PM   #18
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ok ill check it out tonight... lets go to cycling..i know buying saltwater from the store could be expensive... how can i make saltwater straight from tap??
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Old 10-23-2012, 01:18 PM   #19
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If you want to make your saltwater at home (which is cheaper and more reliable in the long run), you'll want to invest in a Reverse Osmosis DeIonizing (RODI) unit as well as a refractometer (recommended) or hydrometer and of course salt mix. The RODI unit can be plumbed into the house or you can get a portable unit you hook up whenever you need to make water.

With all but the most sensitive of freshwater fish, tapwater with a dechlorinator added is generally OK. It would generally be fine for saltwater fish, too, but there is a lot of trace compounds in tapwater that a dechlorinator does absolutely nothing for and may not be good for invertebrates including coral. It also ends up being fertilizer for algae which seems to grow WAY faster in saltwater. (Just skim the forums for people fighting hair algae or cyanobacteria, and you'll see what I mean.) The RODI strips your tapwater off all of that so you have actually pure water to start your salt mix.

The hydrometer or refractometer measure the concentration of salt in the water. (The more salt in a given body of water, the more dense it is.) To make saltwater, you take approximately 1/2 cup of salt mix per gallon of RODI, measure the specific gravity with the hydrometer or refractometer and add more salt or freshwater as necessary to adjust to a specifc gravity of 1.026.
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Old 10-23-2012, 02:38 PM   #20
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do i have to mix salt mix and water in a different container or i can just mix it in the tank??
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