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Old 03-09-2009, 01:47 AM   #21
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HAHA! im an idiot. I just remembered that I have a penguin 550 in my 29g tank. It is a powerhead, and shouldn't hurt you right now.
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Old 03-09-2009, 01:48 AM   #22
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its all good. i appriciate all the help
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Old 03-09-2009, 01:53 AM   #23
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You almost cant have to much flow.
The multiple ph's just end up looking ugly in the tank but its each persons preference. I have 4 ph's in my 120 and they total up to around 4000 gph, and I have 1200 gph coming from my sump.

You'll want around 1.5 lbs of lr per gallon for a good filtration.

The bubble wand wont hurt anything, most people prefer not (again, cosmetics) but a friend of mine kept one in his tank and his clown loved to play in it.
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Old 03-09-2009, 02:21 AM   #24
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see I knew we would get some expert advice soon enough!
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Old 03-10-2009, 12:42 AM   #25
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Ok so I did another water test today and im a little confused.
PH- 8.2
Ammonia- .2
Nitrite- .4
Nitrate- 10
Alk- 5

So my question is. Is it normal for my ammonia to drop from .8 back down to .2 in one day and for my Nitrite to stay unchanged?

I thought the ammonia would drop slowly and nitrite should rise a bit at least.

Any input or advise would be awesome!
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Old 03-10-2009, 04:25 PM   #26
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Looks OK to me. Where the numbers should go really depend on how much, and what type of bacteria are present in the tank.

Just for review...

Bacteria "A"s job is to convert ammonia to nitrItes.
Bacteria "B"s job is to convert nitrItes to nitrAtes.

By your numbers, looks like you have both "A" and "B" type present in your tank. Your ammonia numbers are dropping telling you that you've got a good population of "A". The "A" bacteria is turning that ammonia into nitrites, so your nitrItes *should* be going up. BUT... you've also got those "B" bacteria in there working away, turning the nitrItes into nitrAtes. If your nitrites aren't increasing, that means your population of "B" bacteria is just enough to keep up with Mr. A bacteria. Eventually, your nitrites will decrease as either the ammonia source is depleted and the "B" bacteria catch up, or you build up enough "B" bacteria to take care of the excess.

Hopefully that helps things, and doesn't confuse the issue more! Sounds like you're close to having a cycled tank!
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Old 03-10-2009, 05:34 PM   #27
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you should title that "cycling for Dummines"! I totally get it now. I thought I was on the right track but wanted to make sure.
So now its time to start considering my CUC. I was thinking I would wait till cycle is complete (obviously) and add about half of the CUC, Couple hermits, and some snails. any suggestions on what and how many I should get?
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Old 03-11-2009, 12:01 PM   #28
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Glad the explanation helped. Since it didn't confuse you, I'll add just a little more! Because those "A" and "B" bacteria are constantly looking for food to eat (ammonia and nitrites), this is why it's important to keep "feeding" the tank after the cycle is complete. If you finish your cycle, and wait a month to put fish in, the bacteria populations aren't going to have anything to eat during that time, and will most likely die. So when you put your fish in a month later... BAM... you start another cycle. So moral is... if you plan on keeping a tank with no fish for a while after the tank cycles, don't forget to put a pinch of fish food in there every few days to give the bacteria something to eat!

Regarding your CUC, for a 29g with 30lb of LR, I wouldn't think you'd need more than 6-8 astrea or trochus snails for the rock/glass and maybe 10-20 of the little nassarius snails for the sand bed. I'm not really good at guesstimating cleanup crews, so maybe someone else will jump in with some ideas. I wouldn't overdo it though... you can always add more later. Regarding crabs... one or two would probably be just fine. Once you start adding corals (if you're going reef), the clumsy hermits dragging their shells around, or falling off rocks, can cause havoc with the corals. Or at least they did in my tank.
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Old 03-11-2009, 03:51 PM   #29
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Im thinking I will add my CUC (3 Torchus, 10 Nassarius, and a Hermit Crab). Then monitor the water levels for about a week and if all is well, I will add my first fish!
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Old 03-12-2009, 12:43 AM   #30
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Update

Checked levels again today:
PH- 8.2
Amm- 0
Nitrite- .2
Nitrate- 10

Thing are looking good. May even be able to go pick up my CUC this weekend!
Just gotta wait out that late bit of Nitrite.
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