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Old 11-19-2003, 10:56 PM   #11
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IMO The best filtration for a reef tank is live rock...about 1.5 lbs per gallon along with a sandbed of about 3-4". This along with a protein skimmer will help maintain the high water quality needed to keep corals and anemones. The LR and sand presents a large surface area for nitrifying bacteria to grow on and carry out biofiltration. The deep sand bed can provide a low oxygen enviroment for denitrifying bacteria to grow in helping to remove nitrates.
Indeed this is the basis of a marine aquarium and this is known as the Berlin Method stated above. Letting the reef take care of itself with your supervision


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Do a lot of research before jumping into the reefkeeping hobby. It can be time consuming and expensive but is definitely worth every minute and penny spent. HTH
Amen to that, my wife says i spent too much money on my tank but i always see her in front of it saying "its so pretty"
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Old 11-19-2003, 11:15 PM   #12
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Other than the natural filtration that is occuring, and the Protein skimmer, is there any need for any other type of filtration? Oxygenation? more water movement?
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Old 11-20-2003, 02:10 AM   #13
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You'll need at least 10x your tank size in flow. 75g tank = 750gph. More is better. One addition you might consider in the future, or now if it's in the budget, is a wavemaker. This will allow you to create changing currents in the tank that are closer to what corals have on the natural reef. Most corals will do better in a turbulent environment rather than having laminar flow on them all the time.
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Old 11-20-2003, 08:20 AM   #14
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So A Proten Skimmer and lots of flow. Anything else for a reef? Also, what is the rule of thumb for amount of fish to keep? I know ponds are 1 inch of fish per every 5 gallons of water. Anything else? or can I stock until the fish look comfortable?
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Old 11-20-2003, 08:26 AM   #15
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How do you feed coral and anemones?
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Old 11-20-2003, 09:37 AM   #16
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Corals will benefit from the additions of some plankton product like DT's phytoplankton, Kent phytoplex, microvert etc...there's a lot out there. I don't have an anemone but in I believe they will accept larger meaty foods like shrimp pieces, mysis shrimp etc. Larger polyp corals will also be able to capture any stray fish food that may be floating around.
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Old 11-20-2003, 10:56 AM   #17
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Okay, hard corals? or soft? which are easier to take care of?
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Old 11-20-2003, 12:07 PM   #18
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You need to get a book called The Conscientious Marine Aquarist by Robert Fenner it will answer many questions you have. I would start with sps corals like toadstool, star polyp, xenia etc.
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Old 11-20-2003, 02:55 PM   #19
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You should definitely check out some books before jumping into corals. "The Conscientious Marine Aquarist" listed above is a good one for general aquarium info. If you want a great book for coral care check out "Aquarium Corals" by Eric Borneman, its loaded with great info. I also like "The Natural Reef Aquarium" by Tullock.
The corals biotoxin listed are good beginner corals but they are not sps corals. They would be soft corals. Xenia can be difficult to keep for a beginner. I've had good luck with leather corals, mushrooms etc. Anemones are not very hardy, require good water conditions and very high light so I wouldn't recommend one to a beginner.
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Old 11-20-2003, 09:42 PM   #20
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What is the difference between live sand and regular sand? why cant i just add sand from the beach and let it biologically mature?
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