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Old 12-03-2009, 09:13 PM   #1
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rookie needing help

Just came into possesion of a 75 gallon tank(48x18x21). I have one I got a couple months ago, but already have cichlids in it. This tank I want to make a fish and live rock tank. Just wondering what equipment i need. Already have glass cover, emperor 400 filter, rena xp1 filter. I want to keep fish that stay under 8'' and have snails, crabs, shrimp. So what would be a good mix of fish and invertibrates. I'm a complete noob at saltwater and wanted to give it a try. I have read and read and read articles, listened to folks at lfs, and read some more. Any help would greatly be appreciated.
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Old 12-04-2009, 11:59 AM   #2
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Quote:
Originally Posted by kdogg85 View Post
Just wondering what equipment i need.
Stock list and tips for maintaining your SW tank.
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Old 12-04-2009, 01:34 PM   #3
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The above ling is a great place to begin! When looking for places to buy your equipment check out all the online vendors you can find. You can usually save a lot of money over walking into a LFS. Also check craigslist in your area.
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Old 12-05-2009, 09:12 AM   #4
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Ok, checked all that out. A couple questions, is a powerhead and protein skimmer necessary if not having coral. Can a wet/dry filter be used without a hole in the tank or an overflow box. I have looked everywhere and cannot seem to find an answer.
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Old 12-05-2009, 09:20 AM   #5
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The skimmer you can go without even though I believe they serve a good purpose. The PH I believe you need. Your tank is going to need some good flow to push the water around. Your nitrifying bacteria will need water pushed it`s way to feed off of the ammonia and nitrites. You dont need a drilled hole. Just get a HOB overflow and it will carry the water to your wet dry.
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Old 12-05-2009, 10:30 PM   #6
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went to the lfs and the girl working there laid a load of info on me. She said the skimmer wasn't neccessary and explained what it done. She said in the first few months it won't be needed, but after the aquarium goes through the phases, the skimmer keeps you from having to deal with scum. She also told me about a uv sterilizer and what it done, but recommended if i got one to only run it 2-3 days in a row a month, no more due to it can kill benificial bacteria. Does this sound right. And she also advised me that i can do without the powerheads due to the flow capacity of my filters(emperor 400, rena xp1) does this sound ok because i have seen tanks with powerheads and tanks without and neither seem to have any bacterial problems
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Old 12-06-2009, 01:07 AM   #7
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UV's only kill bacteria that past throught them. Most of your bacteria that help to break down your ammonia are in or on the LR. So UV's are not needed at all IMO. You will need a power head or two in the tank so you can direct water flow to areas that need it. Skimmers are great, but if you are just going to keep fish not really needed also. All you need is good maintenence and regular PWC's.
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Old 12-06-2009, 04:50 PM   #8
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Skimmers help to remove DOC`s from your water. They in the end can run up your nitrates. As far as UV goes she was not very knowledgeabe about that as your beneficial bacteria resides on surfaces and not in the water. IMO Skimmers are very important but you dont have to have one. I know several folks that dont use one and their tank looks great. I used to have a UV but now I dont. If you are having problems with parasites and algea blooms then it would help but it is not a cure all as it only affects what goes through the lighted chamber.
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Old 12-06-2009, 08:26 PM   #9
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I know it only kills what goes through the chamber, she led me on like there was a lot of bacteria in the water as well as the in tank surfaces. She did say the skimmer collects scum(whatever technical term used for scum is I don't know) and said it was optional but not needed. How would a skimmer run up nitrates, I thought rock, sand, and corals were supposed to keep that stuff in check. I know in fresh water, heavily planted tanks eat up nitrate, but it is still recommended that water changes be done. Same case here or something else.
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Old 12-06-2009, 09:51 PM   #10
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A skimmer would have the opposite affect...reduce total nitrate production. Skimmers remove DOC and prevent it from becoming nitrates. The Rock as nothing to do with nitrates. Nitrates are at the end of the nitrogen cycle and is mostly removed by PWC. There are other means, but none that the beginner need worry about as in DSB's or nitrate reducing chambers,etc.
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