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Old 03-03-2008, 06:23 AM   #11
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This is what i did when i set up my tank the first time as of right now its empty because im starting over with the advice from this site. I added tapwater to the tank that was treated with amquel water conditioners. I then mixed the salt in a 5 gallon bucket and added it to the tank (whick i know now was a mistake because it left my tank really cloudy) The water didnt clear up so i drained it now the tank is empty. If someone could give me directions to set it up that would be great
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Old 03-03-2008, 11:03 AM   #12
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I'm new to this. what kind of pump are you using to mix the salt and areate.
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Old 03-03-2008, 06:33 PM   #13
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I mix the salt by hand but now im going to mix it by hand but but a power head in there mix it for 24 hours. Will that work?
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Old 03-03-2008, 07:48 PM   #14
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I dispense my RO/DI water into a 32gallon trash can, I keep RO/DI water without salt in this can for top-offs when needed. When I am ready to make saltwater I use about 15gallons of RO/DI for mixing in a 20gallon trash can with a powerhead and a heater, I then add about 17scoops of salt mix up with my hand and test the SG with a refractometer and adjust if necessary by adding more salt or more RO/DI water to get the right SG. I let it sit for at least 12hours for the powerhead to aerate the water before I use it and I test it again with a refractometer to be sure the SG is right. Hope this helps
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Old 03-03-2008, 08:41 PM   #15
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I personally think that mixing your SW is better. They really have these marine salts very close to the real thing. I love being able to make mine at home and not having to lug it from the LFS or wherever. JMO
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Old 03-04-2008, 01:56 AM   #16
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So i have all my equipment ready the tank is set up can anyone give me step by step instructions on adding the fresh and salt water to my tank for the first time. Ive looked it up but the websites are very non detailed and i already messed up once. I hope that made sense lol
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Old 03-04-2008, 02:08 AM   #17
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If you don't have any rock or sand in your tank to start with, it's OK to mix the salt in your tank THIS ONE TIME! The key to doing this though is to fill the tank maybe 3/4 full with RO/DI water first, THEN add the salt. (3/4 full gives you room to "stir" the salt mix up to dissolve, and to allow for water displacement as you add rock and sand.) This is true whenever mixing salt... add the salt to the water, not the other way around. If you add water to salt, you may end up with such unbalanced water parameters for a brief time that you'll have a hard time getting the salt to dissolve.

If you have rock and sand in the tank already, then it's best to mix the salt and water in a separate tub... a big Rubbermaid storage tub or brand new plastic trash can work great. Drop a powerhead in it and let it dissolve/aerate for a day then transfer it to your main tank.

The whole reason for normally letting new salt water "age" before water changes is to allow the pH and salinity to stabilize before adding it to the tank with critters in it. That's also why people keep heaters in their water change water - so it's the same temp as their main tank water. But if you're starting up a tank with nothing in it, then those things aren't really important.
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Old 03-04-2008, 03:27 AM   #18
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No there is only sand in there as of now. Thanks that helped out a lot
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Old 03-04-2008, 11:38 AM   #19
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Then I wouldn't mix the salt in the tank. The salt mix may get into the sand and have a hard time dissolving. Or be super slow to dissolve. You want to mix the salt in something you can really stir the heck out of.
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Old 03-04-2008, 02:14 PM   #20
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You are going to have a 'sand storn' after adding your sw to the tank. That is normal and will clear up while the tank cycles.

So, mix the salt into a water containter until it reads around 1.028 at 75-80 degrees.
Add this sw mix to the tank.
Continue until the tank is 3/4 full.
Add your rock and aquascape
Add enough RODI water to get the SG down to 1.024-1.025
If you need more water to fill the tank, mix some RODI with enough salt mix to get the batch to 1.025 and add that to the tank.
Continue until the tank is full

You should be using a refarctometer to test the SG of the water.

How are you going to cylce the tank?
Are you getting uncured LR?
Do you plan on using the cocktail shrimp method?
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