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Old 01-27-2013, 03:58 PM   #11
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I have found multiple test kits in his possession. What should I test, everything?
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Old 01-27-2013, 04:51 PM   #12
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This is the red stuff I'm worried about my father inlaw says its a bacteria?

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Is this guy good or bad?



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This guy is taking over the tank. Good?



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This guy was like 5 times bigger. This is as big as he gets now.

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These guys good?
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Old 01-27-2013, 05:36 PM   #13
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You should vacuum out that red stuff with each water change.

Those little brown things with the tentacles are pest anemones called aptasia. They reproduce very quickly and sting what they touch. They need to be killed. There are products available that will be effective. "Joes Juice" and "Aptasia-X" are a couple.

The "guy" that's taking over the tank is Kenya tree. A soft coral that grows and spreads as fast as aptasia, and frankly, is just as ugly. I would remove it, but many like to keep it.

The bubbly "guy" is a Frogspawn. It's a large polyp coral that will come back as you clean up the tank.

Water changes and manual removal.

The sand is nothing to worry about. You don't need sand.
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Old 01-27-2013, 06:04 PM   #14
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Ok. Thanks for the insight. I will work on a 20% water change today and tomorrow. Should I test the water before or after, or both?
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Old 01-27-2013, 06:58 PM   #15
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I would test regularly until you get this straightened out.
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Old 01-27-2013, 07:31 PM   #16
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This is the red stuff I'm worried about my father inlaw says its a bacteria?
It's cyanobacteria, thought I'd give the name as it wasn't mentioned, and as said should be vacuumed out.

It's fueled by excess nutrients (likely since the tank went months without maintenance) and likes areas of low flow.

This is a pretty good link for identifying nuisance algae in the display tank.

Nuisance Algae ID Guide

Sorry to hear about your father in law but I wish you luck with your new tank. I'm sure you'll get things straightened out.
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Old 01-28-2013, 12:00 AM   #17
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I have found multiple test kits in his possession. What should I test, everything?
I applaud your willingness to take on this tank with so much to learn.
Start by testing for ammonia, nitrite and nitrate. Ammo and nitrites should always be zero. If they're not, then a PWC needs to be done because those 2 things can quickly kill fish. The nitrates should ideally be as close to zero as possible to help cut down on algae, but anything over 40ppm is dangerous to fish, so a PWC would be in order if its that high. BTW, if its an API test kit you're using, divide the nitrate result by 4 to get the actual result.

Later, you'll need to test for calcium, magnesium, pH, alkalinity. But first check the basics and get the algae under control, then worry about the advanced stuff later.
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Old 01-28-2013, 01:42 AM   #18
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@Beengirl. Thank you for the clarification.
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Old 01-28-2013, 02:16 AM   #19
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@Beengirl. Thank you for the clarification.
YW. Good luck! And keep us posted!
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Old 01-28-2013, 09:25 AM   #20
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BTW, if its an API test kit you're using, divide the nitrate result by 4 to get the actual result.
Why would you divide it by 4?
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