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Old 02-07-2013, 04:04 PM   #11
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Yep, read read read! There are tons of helpful people in the SW forums too.
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3, 20, 25, 33 Gallon FW Tanks.....For Now


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Old 02-07-2013, 04:22 PM   #12
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I've been reading all morning so far. The sad thing is, I feel like I haven't read anything on the basic fundamentals. Either that or I need it spelled out for me. Please tell me if I'm going in the right direction:

Starting with the water:
In a salt water tank you have to remove hazardous chlorinated water? Then you have to reach a certain specific gravity ( reach a certain salinity) Is there a specific way to do this? Like a specific type of salt that must be purchased? What is the standard specific gravity that should be maintained?

Cycling:
The process of introducing bacteria that will help maintain the balance of ammonia, nitrites and nitrates. This bacteria comes from things like live sand and live rock? Both of which can be purchased at a LFS, so the tank should essentially be just live rock and live sand for a few weeks or months until the bacteria grows? How can you tell when your bacteria is sufficient/ your tank has completed cycling?

Fish:
When fish release waste it is in the form of ammonia. Of course, after establishing a cycled tank... The bacteria will turn ammonia to nitrites and then nitrates. Nitrates are still toxic though? So how do we get rid of nitrates, or are they not toxic?

Is that about right?

Thank you! Sorry if this seems trivial
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Old 02-07-2013, 05:14 PM   #13
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Searchin View Post
I've been reading all morning so far. The sad thing is, I feel like I haven't read anything on the basic fundamentals. Either that or I need it spelled out for me. Please tell me if I'm going in the right direction:
Your reading the right stuff or on the right path

Quote:
Originally Posted by Searchin View Post
Starting with the water:
In a salt water tank you have to remove hazardous chlorinated water? Then you have to reach a certain specific gravity ( reach a certain salinity) Is there a specific way to do this? Like a specific type of salt that must be purchased? What is the standard specific gravity that should be maintained?
You'll have a tool that reads gravity when testing. There are marine salts that you'll buy and on those box's and bags it will tell you how much to add per gallon.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Searchin View Post
:
The process of introducing bacteria that will help maintain the balance of ammonia, nitrites and nitrates. This bacteria comes from things like live sand and live rock? Both of which can be purchased at a LFS, so the tank should essentially be just live rock and live sand for a few weeks or months until the bacteria grows? How can you tell when your bacteria is sufficient/ your tank has completed cycling?
Bacteria comes from food, fish waste anything that creates ammonia. Ammonia turns into nitrite, nitrite turns into nitrate. Its all part of the cycle. Bacteria sticks to stuff like live rock, sand and filter media.

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Fish:
When fish release waste it is in the form of ammonia. Of course, after establishing a cycled tank... The bacteria will turn ammonia to nitrites and then nitrates. Nitrates are still toxic though? So how do we get rid of nitrates, or are they not toxic?

Water changes a good maintenance. Schedule of pwcs will keep them lowered.

Is that about right?

Yep

Thank you! Sorry if this seems trivial
Not at all that's why we are all here to help others learn. When you set up the tank starlet uourself a build thread and you'll get a lot of answers along the way
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Old 02-07-2013, 05:20 PM   #14
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In saltwater you have to use ro/Di water. Some people buy it pre mixed at their lfs and some buy gallons of water at the grocery store. Others have invested in a ro/Di unit for their house water. That is very nice to have especially if your doing a nice size tank
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Old 02-07-2013, 06:17 PM   #15
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You might want to take a look at our articles section to read about the basics. You can view the articles from our main site on a computer or mobile browser (not the app).
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