I've been reading all morning so far. The sad thing is, I feel like I haven't read anything on the basic fundamentals. Either that or I need it spelled out for me. Please tell me if I'm going in the right direction:
Starting with the water:
In a salt water tank you have to remove hazardous chlorinated water? Then you have to reach a certain specific gravity ( reach a certain salinity) Is there a specific way to do this? Like a specific type of salt that must be purchased? What is the standard specific gravity that should be maintained?
The process of introducing bacteria that will help maintain the balance of ammonia, nitrites and nitrates. This bacteria comes from things like live sand and live rock? Both of which can be purchased at a LFS
, so the tank should essentially be just live rock and live sand for a few weeks or months until the bacteria grows? How can you tell when your bacteria is sufficient/ your tank has completed cycling?
When fish release waste it is in the form of ammonia. Of course, after establishing a cycled tank... The bacteria will turn ammonia to nitrites and then nitrates. Nitrates are still toxic though? So how do we get rid of nitrates, or are they not toxic?
Is that about right?
Thank you! Sorry if this seems trivial