Originally Posted by Steven33
So I am a complete newbie to aquariums. My daughter got a couple of goldfish at a Carnival a few weeks ago and her birthday was a couple of days later so we decided to get a tank. We could only afford to start with a small one (10 gallon) but needless to say the fish only lasted a couple of days. We still have the tank and want to get a few more fish but want to do it right this time. I have seen discussion on other sites about tank cycling so that the right bacteria is in the tank to deal with ammonia and nitrate levels. Any advice would be much appreciated. We don't want to kill any more fish as our four year old was a little upset about her fish dying. Thanks for your help. Also what is a hearty fish or community we can get for this size tank?
I'd begin by viewing the article on fishless cycling to get the 10gal established. It's a good way for beginners to get familiar with the unseen parts of an aquarium ..i.e. the nitrogen cycle and Beneficial bacteria.
If you do go this route, once the tank is established you can literally add any 10gal appropriate fish. Some tetras like the neon, cardinal or rummynose are relatively small fish where a 10gal is the minimum needed. Look up nano fish for other 10gal suitable fish. Shrimp and snails are other stock options.
If you go a fish in cycle, you'll need hardy fish to withstand the cycling process. The tetras I mentioned would NOT work ... but there are hardy tetras and some barbs that could work. This route requires fairly constant testing of water parameters and PWC
's to keep ammonia at or below 0.25ppm.
Goldfish are not suitable for 10gal ... they produce too much waste and quickly foul up the water, often times poisoning themselves in their own ammonia if there is not adequate filtration and constant tank maintenance. To house the tropical fish I mentioned, you'll need to invest in a modest heater ... figure 100watts. They do not have the bio-load near that a single goldfish does.
I recently started a 10gal for my son so it was a bit of work at first, but now the fish in there are starting to show more activity.
75g Planted Barbs Denison, BlackRuby, Tiger, Albino Tiger, Green Tiger, Cherry, Gold, Checkered, Odessa.
NonBarbs Cardinal, Neon, RummyNose, Bloodfin Tetras, Z. Danios. 1RTS. Amano, Bamboo, Ghost & RCS. 20g Long Shrimp Tank RCS, Tiger, Amano.