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Forum: Freshwater & Brackish - Getting Started 01-01-2020, 12:19 PM
Replies: 3
Views: 220
Posted By BillD
I would agree with removing the water and...

I would agree with removing the water and refilling. If you don't, and let it settle, it can be stirred up again. As a side note, I wouldn't use organic potting soil. You would be better served using...
Forum: Member Introductions 11-25-2019, 01:59 PM
Replies: 5
Views: 275
Posted By BillD
IS the bottom totally supported with Styro? If it...

IS the bottom totally supported with Styro? If it is the patch is more likely to be sucessful. You can't use acrylic as the silicone doesn't stick to it all that well.You could double up the 1/4" by...
Forum: Freshwater & Brackish - Unhealthy Fish 11-18-2019, 02:53 PM
Replies: 1
Views: 236
Posted By BillD
I very much doubt the brine shrimp are the...

I very much doubt the brine shrimp are the problem. There is a viral disease that angels seem susceptible to that showed up a number of years ago, that was called (for lack of a better name) angel...
Forum: General Hardware/Equipment Discussion 11-08-2019, 04:43 PM
Replies: 4
Views: 286
Posted By BillD
You may find the full size LEDs won't fit because...

You may find the full size LEDs won't fit because of diameter. I use CFLs in 5000K, and they grow plants very well.
Forum: General Hardware/Equipment Discussion 11-08-2019, 04:41 PM
Replies: 7
Views: 500
Posted By BillD
There is a potential , particularly if you are...

There is a potential , particularly if you are using gravel, to create a point load beneath a rock. This can break the bottom. While it may be unlikely to happen, a friend lost 2 tank bottoms to...
Forum: New Acquisitions 11-27-2018, 03:08 PM
Replies: 4
Views: 525
Posted By BillD
I would lose the carbon and replace with some...

I would lose the carbon and replace with some form of bio media, such as plastic pot scrubbers.
Forum: Member Introductions 11-27-2018, 03:06 PM
Replies: 3
Views: 414
Posted By BillD
There are lots of plants that grow well in plain...

There are lots of plants that grow well in plain gravel. Some I have had success with are Vals, Anubias, Java fern, Ecinodorus latifolius ( a type of chain sword), and a variety of Cryptocorynes. I...
Forum: Freshwater & Brackish - Coldwater, Native Fish & Ponds 11-27-2018, 03:00 PM
Replies: 44
Views: 1,850
Posted By BillD
I can't remember the exact amount but, I believe...

I can't remember the exact amount but, I believe you want between 80 to 120 ppm. How to calculate that is up to you. You might find answers to that on Cichlid-Forum.com as there are many who keep...
Forum: Freshwater & Brackish - Coldwater, Native Fish & Ponds 11-27-2018, 01:35 PM
Replies: 44
Views: 1,850
Posted By BillD
So, pH up and pH buffer are not the same thing. A...

So, pH up and pH buffer are not the same thing. A buffer's purpose is to maintain pH, while a pH up type of product is to raise the pH. Without the buffer it won't stay up. The buffer used to...
Forum: Freshwater & Brackish - General Discussion 02-27-2017, 04:12 PM
Replies: 12
Views: 786
Posted By BillD
I would have filled the tank with water and added...

I would have filled the tank with water and added enough bleach to make the water feel slippery. The bleach will oxidize organics in the tank making them much easier to remove. I would have let it...
Forum: Freshwater & Brackish - Getting Started 10-26-2016, 11:44 AM
Replies: 5
Views: 595
Posted By BillD
If there are no fish in the tank, change out all...

If there are no fish in the tank, change out all the water. That will lower the amount of toxins or pathogens in the tank. I would do it even if there were fish in the tank, leaving only enough water...
Forum: General Hardware/Equipment Discussion 10-21-2016, 11:46 AM
Replies: 5
Views: 856
Posted By BillD
All those pumps are high volume ones for multiple...

All those pumps are high volume ones for multiple tanks. Diaphragm pumps are usually the quietest. Blowers and linear piston pumps are both noisier, but not necessarily loud.
Forum: Aquaria Off-Topic 10-21-2016, 11:43 AM
Replies: 4
Views: 573
Posted By BillD
Water flea is normally used to refer to daphnia,...

Water flea is normally used to refer to daphnia, while the term scud is used for assorted species of Gammarus shrimp. Both can be cultivated. Daphnia can clean a cloudy tank or one with green water...
Forum: Freshwater & Brackish - General Discussion 09-29-2016, 11:55 AM
Replies: 22
Views: 1,137
Posted By BillD
You should be less concerned about pH than TDS. I...

You should be less concerned about pH than TDS. I would dump the water you added the buffer to and replace with new tap water.
Forum: Freshwater & Brackish - General Discussion 07-01-2016, 09:16 PM
Replies: 9
Views: 657
Posted By BillD
I never heat livebearer tanks, and temps range...

I never heat livebearer tanks, and temps range from about 65F to 75F.
Forum: Freshwater & Brackish - Invertebrates 07-01-2016, 09:13 PM
Replies: 18
Views: 1,982
Posted By BillD
You could but you need to be able to feed them...

You could but you need to be able to feed them without fouling the water for the shrimp. The daphnia can't remove algae stuck to the glass.
Forum: Freshwater & Brackish - Planted Tanks 07-01-2016, 05:17 PM
Replies: 6
Views: 572
Posted By BillD
You can't use ferts to replace CO2, but you can...

You can't use ferts to replace CO2, but you can still grow lots of plants. I have grown thousands of plants in plain gravel with no ferts or added CO2.
Forum: Freshwater & Brackish - Invertebrates 07-01-2016, 05:14 PM
Replies: 18
Views: 1,982
Posted By BillD
You need at least a few to strat the culture...

You need at least a few to strat the culture going. They do really well in green water. They can also be fed yeast, which can get messy over time. you can use a pail or almost any container. I keep...
Forum: Freshwater & Brackish - General Discussion 06-22-2016, 02:38 PM
Replies: 7
Views: 876
Posted By BillD
A magnet will not work with a normal stainless...

A magnet will not work with a normal stainless steel washer, as they are non magnetic. Why not let you power filter remove the debris? I have found that inserting a siphon tube down the lift tube...
Forum: DIY Projects 06-07-2016, 05:34 PM
Replies: 8
Views: 1,330
Posted By BillD
When you have the old silicone all stripped out,...

When you have the old silicone all stripped out, and are sure you got it all, take a new blade and go over it again. I would then examine all the butt joints carefully to see if there is any give in...
Forum: Freshwater & Brackish - General Discussion 05-10-2016, 11:20 AM
Replies: 18
Views: 1,184
Posted By BillD
At a pH of 6, the ammonia is in the non toxic...

At a pH of 6, the ammonia is in the non toxic ammonium state. Raising the pH will convert the ammonium to ammonia. This is what happens on bags of fish that are transhipped (and the fish are in the...
Forum: New Acquisitions 05-09-2016, 02:45 PM
Replies: 6
Views: 624
Posted By BillD
Angelfish don't need acidic water to flourish,...

Angelfish don't need acidic water to flourish, and the tank is too small to keep a group of discus.
Forum: Cichlid Discussion 04-22-2016, 07:01 PM
Replies: 6
Views: 580
Posted By BillD
Around here a bag of silica blasting sand is...

Around here a bag of silica blasting sand is around $10 for 88 lbs. Get no finer than #20.
Forum: Freshwater & Brackish - Getting Started 03-09-2016, 11:52 AM
Replies: 10
Views: 1,025
Posted By BillD
Keeping solid material out of the filters goes a...

Keeping solid material out of the filters goes a long way to maintaining their efficiency. As well, removing solid material before it breaks down, slows the rise of nitrates. When you say partial...
Forum: Freshwater & Brackish - Unhealthy Fish 02-24-2016, 10:25 AM
Replies: 3
Views: 472
Posted By BillD
A 200 watt heater should be able to heat a 30 to...

A 200 watt heater should be able to heat a 30 to dangerous levels. It is possible the heater needs to be calibrated for higher temps. I have no experience with that brand so can't help you with that....
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