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Old 09-23-2012, 03:12 PM   #1
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first salt water, power head help, stocking ideas

i just bought a 20 gallon long from petsmart, and a hood there as well (will prob buy brighter light if i dont like how it looks)

Right now I have in my amazon shopping cart:
25 lbs of tahitian moon sand
aquatop 100w heater
api salt water kit
hydrometer
20 lbs of salt mix instant ocean
digital thermometer
am i missing anything ?

i need to know if a 750 koralia power head is too much or too little, or if i should get 2x 425 instead, price is def an issue im trying to keep it low as possible, so i can get nice live rock. Recommendations for live rock?

i looked up online and found 20 pounds for 80 but before buying that im going to my LFS in case its better. Also i would like some ideas for stocking, i like bottom feeders the most, i like seeing them active and eating stuff/cleaning
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Old 09-23-2012, 03:37 PM   #2
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I definitely recommend getting a refractometer instead of a hydrometer. You are missing supplies to premix your saltwater for those water changes that must be done. 20g is very small, but it will make a good QT tank if you ever decide to upgrade. IMO the 750 is fine. If it starts blowing your sand everywhere, then slightly aim it toward the surface rather than down-ward.

When you say "20 pounds for 80", are you talking about live rocks?
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Old 09-23-2012, 03:50 PM   #3
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I have two 750s in my 70 gallon tank (which is too little, I know), so for you one powerhead will do fine. I think he/she means 20 lbs of line rock for $80.

Nano Fish

I'd say gobies and a shrimp are great fish/inverts as "bottom-feeders." Almost any goby/shrimp would be okay for your size tank because they usually don't exceed 3"
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Old 09-23-2012, 04:15 PM   #4
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what do you mean supplies to premix my water? i have 20 pounds of salt instant ocean in there if thats what you mean

btw i like this fish
Yellow Stripe Clingfish
any other similar small thin snake like bodied fish?

i think i will get as many of those as i can with gobies
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Old 09-23-2012, 04:50 PM   #5
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When you do water changes, you must premix your water. I have 2 trashcans with wheels. I siphon water out and into a trashcan. The other trashcan, I premix the water because all the salts do not instantly dissolve as advertised and then use a powerhead to push the premixed water from the trashcan to the tank. This the the cheapest and easiest method for me.

So you will need 2 trashcan, heater, powerhead, and long tube for premixing.


Again, are you going for live rocks? If not, then think of a source for biological filtration.
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Old 09-23-2012, 04:57 PM   #6
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Terrance means that you'll need a bucket(s) to put the water and mix in the salt. You can get white clean paint buckets from Home Depot. You're missing an RO/DI system, but you can go to your lfs and they probably have it for .50 cents more or less. You'll also want a powerhead to mix the salt. Also what is your filtration on the tank? Is it just a HOB filter?
A yellow stripe clingfish is hard to care for and would probably be better in a species tank or with sea horses. I don't know if I'm getting that confused with a pipefish, but I know for sure they are not for beginners. There's going to be a limited choices because of the tank size and being that you're a beginner.
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Old 09-23-2012, 04:58 PM   #7
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Beat me to it!
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Old 09-24-2012, 01:41 PM   #8
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ok cool, btw i bought this hood "Aqueon® Fluorescent Deluxe Full Hood"
it was only 40 bucks but now i am thinking i should return it and buy a better hood online with t5 lighting? or is it possible to keep the hood i bought from petsmart and just replace the bulb with nice ones, any recommendations

i have no idea what will fit in there at the moment, i wont be having anything but fish but i would like nice lighting to show off their color
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Old 09-24-2012, 01:53 PM   #9
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Don't get the moon sand if your planning on keeping sand sifters or gobies.
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Old 09-24-2012, 07:24 PM   #10
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I would highly suggest T5s on a 20l. Im running a aquasun duel t5 on my 20l and my tank is has been great so far and wasnt that expensive
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